typically include the medial prefrontal cortex, medial parietal cortex, and medial temporal lobes. There is still much debate as to what these cortical associations mean—if anything at all.
One theory implicates them in introspection and mind wandering, essentially our stream of consciousness. This includes any thoughts not directly associated with the immediate external environment. Much of our waking hours are composed of stimulus independent thought, whether it be daydreaming, planning out our future actions, revisiting memories, or just listening to yourself narrate out your day.
Another theory deposits that the network’s activity is the brain’s baseline of processing and information maintenance. Separate from conscious thought, these activations would represent how our brains consolidate experiences and prepare to react to the environment. We’re exposed to a constant stream of information from our surroundings. So maybe the default mode network activations are somehow in charge of making sense of it all. But even though neuroscientists haven’t completely agreed on what the default mode activations mean, it’s clear that resting state research is bursting with potential and applicability. Various psychological disorders including ADHD, Schizophrenia, Autism and Alzheimer’s exhibit different types of abnormal functioning in the default mode network.
In the end, there are many interesting directions to take resting state research. From picking apart the neural correlates of consciousness, to uncovering better ways to detect, understand and maybe even treat psychological disorders.