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Melissa Galinato

Melissa Galinato recently earned her PhD in Neurosciences from the University of California, San Diego. She studied how methamphetamine addiction affects regions of the brain important for memory formation. Melissa began writing at UCSD's student-run blog NeuWriteSD.org, and now she works as a freelance writer and editor, specializing in neuroscience and mental health topics.

Twitter Handle: @Omneuron.

Articles by Melissa Galinato

The default mode network is a collection of brain regions active during quiet rest while awake.
  • BrainFacts/SfN
Certain disorders impact a person’s ability to focus or pay attention to aspects of the world around them.
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Some arousal states direct the brain’s sensory processing toward a limited number of stimuli.
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Arousal is a physiological state involving brain and body changes that motivate behavior and enable response to stimuli.
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Neurological disorders all involve malfunction of or damage to the nervous system. The hallmarks of psychiatric disorders, on the other hand, are disturbed behavior and emotional state.
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Hallucinations happen when people see, hear, feel, or otherwise sense things that are not real, but appear to be very real and part of the surrounding environment.
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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) are two therapy types that address specific symptoms of depression. 
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We oscillate through different sleep stages throughout our slumber.
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Our sleep-wake cycles are maintained by arousal, homeostatic, and circadian systems.
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Brain states regulating wakefulness and sleep are maintained by a balance of neurotransmitters.
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Sleep disorders disrupt the mechanisms that keep typical sleep-wake cycles in balance.
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