• Published31 Aug 2020
  • Author Calli McMurray
  • Source BrainFacts/SfN

Oligodendrocytes insulate the nerves in the brain and spinal cord, speeding up neural signaling. Schwann cells have the same job outside of the brain and spinal cord.

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Oligodendrocytes Brain Byte
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Image "Oligodendrocytes engaging with neurites" by Prof. Peter Brophy. CC BY 4.0.

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Martini, R., Groh, J., & Bartsch, U. (2010). Comparative biology of Schwann cells and oligodendrocytes. In E. Mathey & P. Armati (Eds.), The Biology of Oligodendrocytes (pp. 19–48). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Cambridge Core. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511782121.003

What Is MS? (n.d.). Retrieved June 29, 2020, from https://www.nationalmssociety.org/What-is-MS