Oligodendrocytes insulate the nerves in the brain and spinal cord, speeding up neural signaling. Schwann cells have the same job outside of the brain and spinal cord.
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Calli McMurray is the Media & Science Writing Associate at SfN. She graduated from the University of Texas at Austin in 2019 with a Bachelor of Science in Neuroscience.
Martini, R., Groh, J., & Bartsch, U. (2010). Comparative biology of Schwann cells and oligodendrocytes. In E. Mathey & P. Armati (Eds.), The Biology of Oligodendrocytes (pp. 19–48). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Cambridge Core. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511782121.003
What Is MS? (n.d.). Retrieved June 29, 2020, from https://www.nationalmssociety.org/What-is-MS
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